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With time and advanced technology, roofing systems have evolved in style, installation techniques, and even materials. Each roof is designed with the safety of the occupants in mind while taking aesthetics, durability and longevity into account.
Since the roof protects the entire structure of a house or building, it is a must to determine the best material to use, which is covered below.
Types of roofing materials
The various roofing materials include metal, asphalt, clay tile, slate, and shake or wood shingles. Choosing the best roofing material for your next project will depend on several factors, such as: B. Your budget, the desired quality and the overall appearance of the roofing that you want for your property. To know your options, it is worth discussing the different types of roofing materials with an expert.
You can consult an experienced roofer for expert advice and estimates on the most suitable roofing material for your needs. Regardless of the roofing material chosen, roofers strongly recommend entrusting roofing work to qualified professionals. You shouldn’t ignore such a good point as DIY roof repairs and replacements can be dangerous.
Here are the most common roofing materials used in residential and commercial operations:
Metal roofs can be made of copper, alloy strips, aluminum, or steel. This roofing material differs in shape and texture. Check out these good things about metal roofing:
- Keep your home cooler: Metal roofs effectively reflect the sun’s rays and keep your home cooler in the summer.
- Durable and durable: A metal roof system can last 50 to 100 years.
- Attractive: Copper roofs acquire a greenish patina over time that some homeowners find attractive.
- Customizable: Steel metal roofs can be shaped and bent at various angles that other roofing materials do not have.
Fiberglass asphalt shingles, asphalt, and ceramic and mineral granules are popular roofing materials in the United States. This type of enclosure is usually guaranteed for 20 to 30 years. When replacing damaged single shingles, asphalt is also an easy-to-install material, which increases convenience.
Here are the best properties of asphalt roofing that make it attractive to most property owners:
- Tough: Asphalt shingles are fiberglass-based and provide strength to withstand the elements.
- Waterproof: The asphalt and minerals make this roof waterproof.
- Deflect UV light: The ceramic granules found on asphalt roofs give shingles their color, which also helps deflect the harmful effects of ultraviolet light.
- Inexpensive: Asphalt roofing systems are affordable, easy to install, and relatively lightweight.
- Attractive: Asphalt shingles come in sheets and stacked on top of a roof, giving the illusion of having more expensive single shingles like slate or cedar.
Slate roof tiles are a high quality, durable roofing material made from a natural stone product. Here are the great reasons some homeowners still prefer slate roof tiles:
- Nice appearance: Homeowners prefer slate because of its immense and natural beauty. Its classic appearance is also timeless. Slate roofs are available in a variety of colors, such as: B. Black, red, gray, green, purple and speckled bricks that combine to create multiple colors.
- Longevity: Slate roofs can take at least a century to complete.
- Fire resistance: This roof is fireproof and will help you prevent fires from forest fires, fireworks, adjacent house fires, and other airborne fires.
- Environmentally friendly: Slate has a positive impact on the environment as it ends up in landfill no sooner than other roofing materials. This is because, as mentioned earlier, slate roofs can have a lifespan of 100 years or more.
Tar and gravel
A built-up roof system consists of tar and gravel, such as are commonly found in commercial facilities. It is an excellent alternative to shingle roofs, and durability depends heavily on the type of raw materials used.
Built roofs are an increasingly popular choice for commercial property roofs for the following reasons:
- Easy care: Built-up roofs have fewer components. Fixing damage is an easy patch and replacement.
- Efficient heating and cooling: Tar and gravel are great insulators that make them suitable in warmer climates.
- Fire Resistant: “Cold” bitumen and ballast asphalt, which serve as natural fire protection, are used on built-up roofs.
Clay, slate and concrete tiles can withstand strong winds, hail and fire. Most tile roof manufacturers give a 50-year guarantee, as this material, unlike wood, is insensitive to insect damage and rot.
Check out the following advantages of installing tiled roofs:
- Energy efficient: Clay, slate, and concrete tiles help regulate indoor temperatures.
- Low maintenance: The tile roof does not leak at all unless it breaks due to a heavy impact.
- Many possibilities: Clay, slate and concrete tiles come in many styles and colors to suit any style of living, e.g. B. the medieval and contemporary European style. Tiles are also similar to traditional wood shakes or clapboards.
Galvanized iron or GI sheet
If you want to make your home energy efficient, a GI sheet is the best roofing material for installing solar panels.
GI sheets are made of galvanized iron. This roof is also known as the “flat roof” which is compatible with solar panels and makes them easier to install. Slate and wooden roofs are brittle and therefore not suitable for installing solar panels.
Wood shakes are made from wood such as cedar, pine, or redwood. This roof is also a preferred roofing material due to its following properties:
- Unsurpassed Beauty: Since this roof has a natural look, it will add elegance to your home. Western red cedar is a tough species of tree found in North America that is used in wood shakes with a rugged, split appearance, offering depth and texture. Over time, wooden shakes will turn into a lovely gray color that is perfect for traditional homes like Victorian, Colonial, Craftsman, and Cape Cod.
- Increased energy efficiency: Shakes provide better insulation than asphalt shingles, making your home thermally comfortable and reducing heating and cooling costs.
- Superior durability: Holzshake is wind and hail resistant. This means it can withstand storm damage and prevent cracks, leaks and mishaps.
You can choose from the various roofing materials described above and decide what is best for your home or building. Asphalt and metal roofs are popular options because they are easy to install and generally cheaper than other materials.
Slate is unique, beautiful, and durable, which makes it a popular choice with homeowners, but it’s expensive and difficult to install. Tiles are extremely durable and long lasting. Wood shakes, on the other hand, are considered a natural roofing material that is popular for traditional homes because they can withstand harsh elements.